Due to the entry into force of the amendment to the “Information Society Services Act” (LSSICE) established by Royal Decree 13/2012, it is mandatory to obtain the express consent of the user of all websites that use dispensable cookies, before he or she navigates through them.
Cookies and other similar technologies such as local shared objects, flash cookies or pixels, are tools used by Web servers to store and retrieve information about their visitors, as well as to provide a proper functioning of the site.
Through the use of these devices, the Web server is allowed to remember some data concerning the user, such as his preferences for viewing the pages of that server, name and password, products that most interest him, etc.
According to the EU directive, cookies that require informed consent by the user are analytical cookies and advertising and affiliation, with the exception of those of a technical nature and those necessary for the operation of the website or the provision of services expressly requested by the user.
Regarding the types of cookies, there are five main groups:
Analytical Cookies: collect information on the use made of the website.
Social Cookies: are those necessary for external social networks.
Affiliate Cookies: allow you to track visits from other websites, with which the website establishes an affiliate contract (affiliate companies).
Advertising and behavioural cookies: collect information about the user’s personal preferences and choices (retargeting).
Technical and functional cookies: these are strictly necessary for the use of the website and for the provision of the contracted service.
List cookie names, type, owner, function, and expiration, for example:
PHPSESSID: technical and strictly necessary cookie containing the session identifier. It is deleted when the browser is closed.
lang: technical and strictly necessary cookie containing the language of the session. It is deleted when the browser is closed.
ac_cookies: technical and strictly necessary cookie containing the value of whether the installation of cookies has been accepted. It expires in 1 year since the last update.
ga: Google Analytics cookie that enables the function of control of unique visits. The first time a user enters the website through a browser, this cookie will be installed. When this user re-enters the website with the same browser, the cookie is considered to be the same user. Only in the event that the user changes browser, it will be considered another user. It expires 2 years after the last update.
gat: This cookie is associated with Google Analytics Universal. It is used to limit the speed of request – the limitation of data collection on sites with high traffic. It expires after 10 minutes.
utma: Google Analytics cookie that records the date of the first and last time the user visited the website. It expires 2 years after the last update.
utmb: Google Analytics cookie that records the time of arrival at the website. It expires 30 minutes after the last update.
utmc: Google Analytics cookie used for interoperability with the tracking code urchin.js. It is removed when the browser is closed.
utmt: Google Analytics cookie. This cookie is used to process the type of request requested by the user. It expires at the end of the session.
utmv: Google Analytics cookie. This cookie is used to segment demographic data. It expires at the end of your session.
utmz: Google Analytics cookie that stores the source of traffic or a campaign to explain how the user came to the website. It expires 6 months after the last update.
For more information about Chrome click here: http://support.google.com/chrome/answer/95647?hl=es=en
For more information about Internet Explorer click here: http://windows.microsoft.com/es-419/windows7/how-to-manage-cookies-in-internet-explorer-9
Select Firefox | History | Clear Recent History.
You can accept or decline cookies individually in Firefox Preferences, in the History section available at Tools > Options > Privacy.
For more information about Mozilla Firefox click here: https://www.mozilla.org/es-ES/privacy/websites/#cookies
Select the Safari icon / Edit | Restore Safari.
For more information about Safari click here: http://support.apple.com/kb/PH5042
Options – Advanced – Cookies.
The cookie options control how Opera handles cookies and therefore their acceptance or rejection.
For more information about Opera click here: http://help.opera.com/Linux/10.60/es-ES/cookies.html
Other browsers Consult the documentation of the browser you have installed.